NLB-ENEWS 98:9 BOOKS & JOURNALS

Martha Thunes (Martha.Thunes@lili.uib.no)
Mon, 12 Oct 1998 15:07:41 +0100

            NORDIC LINGUISTIC BULLETIN - ELECTRONIC NEWS
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October 12, 1998 Part III BOOKS & JOURNALS Volume 7: Number 10
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* BOOKS & JOURNALS
- The Language of Very Low Birthweight 5-Year-Olds.
A Conversational Analysis
- New books from CSLI Publications
- Semantic Incorporation and Indefinite Descriptions: Semantic and
Syntactic Aspects of Noun Incorporation in West Greenlandic
- Comparative and General Grammar, Syntax and Semantics
- Computing Natural Language
- Memoires de la Societe Finno-Ougrienne
- Vol. 229: Biliktu Bakshi. The Knowledgeable Teacher. G. J.
Ramstedt's Career as a Scholar
- Vol. 230: Etelaviron murteen sanaston alkuper. Itamerensuomalaista
etymologiaa [The Origin of Vocabulary in the South Estonian
Dialect. Finnic Etymology]
- Lexica Societatis Fenno-Ugricae
- Vol. XXIII: H. Paasonens Mordwinisches W÷rterbuch. Mordovskij
slovar' H. Paasonena
- Vol. XXVI: A morphological dictionary of Tundra Nenets
- Adverbial Constructions in the Languages of Europe
- Vowel harmony. An account in terms of Government and Optimality
- Review

* THE EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE OF THE NORDIC ASSOCIATION OF LINGUISTS

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<<<<<< BOOKS & JOURNALS >>>>>>

THE LANGUAGE OF VERY LOW BIRTHWEIGHT 5-YEAR-OLDS. A CONVERSATIONAL ANALYSIS

Ragnhild Willumsen

Dissertation submitted to the University of Bergen in partial fulfilment of
the requirements for the degree Doctor Artium.

Studia Humanitatis Bergensia 2
H°yskoleforlaget AS - Norwegian Academic Press 1998
ISBN 82-7634-166-7 (paper), 205 pp. NOK 250,-

Premature birth leads to low birthweight children. Prematurity is considered
to be a biological condition associated with increased probability of
cognitive, social and physical problems. With regard to the language
development of premature children, it is suggested that prematurity also is
associated with developmental speech and language difficulties.
This book focuses on the relationship between very low birthweight (VLBW,
birthweight less than 1 500 grams) and language development. It presents a
study concerning the structural language and conversational ability of VLBW
children at age 5 years as compared to normal birthweight children at the same
age. The results indicate that while the two groups of children are comparable
in structural language ability, significant differences in activity level and
initiating conversational behaviour among the VLBW children were identified.
This book provides information of interest to researchers, teachers and
practitioners who are concerned with the development of low birthweight
children.

Published by:
H°yskoleforlaget AS - Norwegian Academic Press
P.O. Box 39
N-4601 Kristiansand S.
Norway

Phone: +47 38 10 50 00
Fax: +47 38 10 50 01
E-mail: post@hsforlag.no
Internet: http://www.hsforlag.no/
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NEW BOOKS FROM CSLI Publications
Ventura Hall
Stanford University
Stanford, CA 94305-4115
Telephone (650) 723-1839
Fax (650) 725-2166
http://csli-www.stanford.edu/publications/
email: pubs@roslin.stanford.edu.

SEMANTIC INCORPORATION AND INDEFINITE DESCRIPTIONS: SEMANTIC AND SYNTACTIC
ASPECTS OF NOUN INCORPORATION IN WEST GREENLANDIC

Van Geenhoven, Veerle (Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics, Nijmegen)
CSLI Publications 1998
ISBN 1-57586-132-1 (paper), 1-57586-133-X (cloth); 248 pp.
Distributed by Cambridge University Press.

This volume presents "Semantic Incorporation" as an analysis accounting for
many strking similarities between the semantic properties of incorporated
nouns in West Greenlandic and bare plurals and split noun phrases in West
Germanic language. This analysis uniformly treats these nominal expressions as
predicative indefinites. At the outset, Van Geenhoven explores the empirical
basis for why Semantic Incorporation is needed. The inability of existing
semantic theories of indefinites as well as current structural approaches to
Noun Incorporation to account for the data observed is then explored, and
finally, the work presents Semantic Incorporation as a subtheory of
indefinites. This volume will be of interest to semanticists, lexicalists,
syntacticians and linguists.

COMPARATIVE AND GENERAL GRAMMAR, SYNTAX AND SEMANTICS

Butt, Miriam (University of Konstanz) and Geuder, Wilhelm (University of
Tuebingen)
CSLI Publications 1998
ISBN 1-57586-110-0 (paper), 1-57586-111-9 (cloth); 366 pp.

It is becoming increasingly clear that the classic approach to linking which
accounts for the projection of arguments into the syntax in terms of thematic
roles (and/or some kind of lexical decomposition), has some serious
shortcomings. This volume sets out to explore possible alternatives, which
call into question the assumption that projection is rigidly determined by
fixed lexical entries. Coming from varied backgrounds, the papers collected
here converge on the general hypothesis that many semantic factors which
influence the projection of arguments should instead be attributed to
compositional and combinatorial processes. Proposals are presented for
reassessment of the lexicon-syntax interface that include models of building
up variants of lexical meanings in a flexible manner, as well as models where
much of the putative role of lexical entries is supplanted by the structural
context, in particular by functional projections.
Among the topics addressed are questions of argument hierarchies and adicity
of predicates, and the syntax and semantics of argument alternations in a set
of very diverse languages which include English, Dutch, Scottish Gaelic,
Finnish, Hebrew, Kannada, Malay, Greenlandic Eskimo, and Yaqui.

COMPUTING NATURAL LANGUAGE

Aliseda, Atocha (UNAM), van Glabbeek, Rob (Stanford University), and
Westerstaahl, Dag (Stockholm University)
CSLI Publications 1998
ISBN 1-57586-100-3 (paper), 1-57586-101-1 (cloth); 158 pp.

Computing Natural Language pursues the recent increased interest in the
interface of logic, language and computation, with applications to artificial
intelligence and machine learning. It contains a variety of contributions to
the logical and computational analysis of natural language. A wide range of
logical and computational tools are employed and applied to such varied areas
as context-dependency, linguistic discourse, and formal grammar.
This volume is a collection of papers illustrating state-of-the-art
interdisciplinary research collecting logic, language, computation and AI. The
papers in this volume deal with context-dependency from philosophical,
computational, and logical points of view. A logical framework for combining
dynamic discourse semantics and preferential reasoning in AI is also
presented. Other subjects include negative polarity items in connection with
affective predicates; Head-Driven Phrase Structure Grammar from a perspective
of type theory and category theory; and an axiomatic theory of machine
learning of natural language, with applications to physics word problems.
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Memoires de la Societe Finno-Ougrienne Vol. 229:

BILIKTU BAKSHI. THE KNOWLEDGEABLE TEACHER. G. J. RAMSTEDT'S CAREER AS A
SCHOLAR
by Harry Halen
VIII + 371 + 16 p. + 1 map. ISBN 952-5150-16-X (pb.), 952-5150-17-8 (hb.)

Gustaf John Ramstedt (1873-1959) is one of the brightest stars in the history
of Finnish learning. Almost entirely due to his own field research and the
reliable material he gathered he became the pioneer of comparative Altaic
philology, virtually a new discipline. During his ten years in the Far East,
as charge d'affaires of the newly independent Finland, Ramstedt became
interested in the origins of Korean. This little-studied field occupied him
for the rest of his life even at the expense of projects which he had
commenced earlier. The present work is intended as a short recapitulation of
the main events of G. J. Ramstedt's multi-faceted life.

Memoires de la Societe Finno-Ougrienne Vol. 230:

ETELAVIRON MURTEEN SANASTON ALKUPER. ITAMERENSUOMALAISTA ETYMOLOGIAA [The
Origin of Vocabulary in the South Estonian Dialect. Finnic Etymology]
by Eino Koponen
(ISBN 952-5150-18-6) 296 p.

Eino Koponen's Ph.D. thesis provides an etymological inventory of the
vocabulary characteristic of the extremely interesting but relatively little-
studied South Estonian dialect, in order to shed light on Finnic historical
dialectology. At the same time thought is given to basic issues of Finnic
etymology and word formation, especially the appearance of new indigenous
(basic) word stems.

For complete backlists see the Society's homepage at
http://www.helsinki.fi/jarj/sus/
E-mail orders to the bookstore "Tiedekirja", tiedekirja@pp.kolumbus.fi
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Lexica Societatis Fenno-Ugricae Vol. XXIII:

H. PAASONENS MORDWINISCHES WÍRTERBUCH. MORDOVSKIJ SLOVAR' H. PAASONENA
Zusammengest. von Kaino Heikkil. Bearb. u. hrsg. von Martti Kahla.
Vol. 1-5: 1990-1998.

Mordvin, with two standard languages, Erzya and Moksha, is spoken in Western
Russia by ca. 750 000 people, and forms an interesting link between Finnic
(Finnish, Estonian and their closest relatives) and the other Uralic languages
of Russia proper. The dictionary of Mordvin, based on the great and extremely
important material collected by the Finnish linguist Heikki Paasonen and his
Mordvin helpers between 1889 and 1912, has now been published by Martti Kahla,
in collaboration with Mordvin and German colleagues. The dictionary consists
of four volumes, with German and Russian translations for every headword. The
fifth volume is a Russian index; a German index will appear in the future.

Lexica Societatis Fenno-Ugricae Vol. XXVI:

A MORPHOLOGICAL DICTIONARY OF TUNDRA NENETS
Compiled by Tapani Salminen.
Publications of the Databank for Endangered Finno-Ugrian Languages 3.
(ISBN 951-9403-99-X). 544 p.

Tundra Nenets, with more than 25,000 speakers in northernmost Russia and
Western Siberia, is the greatest and probably best-known language in the
Samoyed branch of the Uralic language family. This dictionary contains
approximately 19,000 words selected from the existing major Tundra Nenets
dictionaries. It includes 1) a reverse word list with inflectional codes and
derivational patterns, 2) an index of roots, where derivational patterns are
arranged following their base, and 3) an alphabetic index. The dictionary
completes the author's monograph on Tundra Nenets inflection (appeared in the
series "Memoires de la Societe Finno-Ougrienne", Vol. 227, in 1997).

For complete backlists see the Society's homepage at
http://www.helsinki.fi/jarj/sus/
E-mail orders to the bookstore "Tiedekirja", tiedekirja@pp.kolumbus.fi
_____________________________________________________________________________

ADVERBIAL CONSTRUCTIONS IN THE LANGUAGES OF EUROPE

Johan van der Auwera (Editor) in collaboration with Donall P. O Baoill

1998. 23 x 15,5 cm. XVIII, 852 pages |
Cloth DM 358,-/298,-*/ 118,-** |* When ordering complete EUROTYP series
Approx. US$ 224.00/186.00*/74.00** |** Concession for Members of ALT
ISBN 3-11-015746-2 |

Empirical Approaches to Language Typology / EUROTYP 20-3
Mouton de Gruyter * Berlin * New York

The outcome of five years of collaborative research carried out within the
European Science Foundation Programme in Language Typology (EUROTYP), this
volume presents the first typological study about adverbials.
It focuses on eight subjects, including word level entities (phasal adverbs,
adverbial quantifiers, sentence adverbs), phrasal entities (equative and
similative constructions), and clausal constructions (dependent versus
independent adverbial clauses, converbs, adverbial subordinators, concessive
conditionals). For each subject an attempt is made to study the phenomenon
for as many European languages as possible as well as for a variety sample of
twenty-three languages which is kept constant across all studies.
All chapters are based on a wide range of data (specifically also
questionnaire data); they are as parsimonious as possible with respect to
descriptive means, and they offer five types of explanations (structural,
semantic, functional, genetic, areal).
The general goals are twofold: (i) to formulate `Euroversals', properties
holding for all European languages, which are thus also potential Universals,
(ii) to check the hypothesis of the `Standard Average European' Sprachbund.
The Euro-to-Universalist goal is further served by an in-depth comparison of
the European languages with Chinese, Japanese, Khmer, Thai, and Vietnamese.
The main general conclusion with respect to `Standard Average European' is
that of the eight adverbial subjects treated in the book, five offer strong
support and, moreover, allow us to make the notion of `Standard Average
European' more precise than has hitherto been the case.

CONTENTS
Contributors * Abbreviations * Johan van der Auwera, Introduction * Johan van
der Auwera, Phasal adverbials in the languages of Europe * Juan Carlos Moreno
Cabrera, Adverbial quantification in the languages of Europe: theory and
typology * Paolo Ramat and Davide Ricca, Sentence adverbs in the languages of
Europe * Martin Haspelmath with Oda Buchholz, Equative and similative
constructions in the languages of Europe * Kees Hengeveld, Adverbial clauses
in the languages of Europe * Igor' V. Nedjalkov, Converbs in the languages of
Europe * Bernd Kortmann, Adverbial subordinators in the languages of Europe *
Martin Haspelmath and Ekkehard Koenig, Concessive conditionals in the
languages of Europe * Walter Bisang, Adverbiality: The view from the Far East
* Johan van der Auwera, Conclusion * Index of names * Index of languages *
Index of subjects

Mouton de Gruyter Walter de Gruyter, Inc.
Postfach 30 34 21 200 Saw Mill River Road
D-10728 Berlin Hawthorne, NY 10532
Germany USA
Fax: +49 (0)30 26005-351 Fax: +1 914 747-1326
email: mouton@degruyter.de

Publications by de Gruyter can also be ordered via World Wide Web:
http://www.deGruyter.com
_____________________________________________________________________________

VOWEL HARMONY. AN ACCOUNT IN TERMS OF GOVERNMENT AND OPTIMALITY

by Krisztina Polgardi

Vowel harmony deals with some theoretical problems concerning the phenomenon
of vowel harmony, in a framework combining insights from Government Phonology,
Optimality Theory and Lexical Phonology. The study introduces and motivates
the general framework and examines three issues. The first concerns the
typology of vowel harmony systems and how an element-based feature theory,
comprised of the three elements I, A and U and supplemented by the property of
headedness, can account for all the different types of harmony. The second
concerns the domain of harmony and the question of how to handle
disharmonicity in the proposed model. The third involves the so-called neutral
vowels, i.e. those vowels in a system that do not have a harmonic counterpart.
It is claimed that the behaviour of neutral vowels can be predicted from their
segmental make-up and from particular properties of the vowel systems
involved.
Polgardi argues that the theory of Government Phonology (a principles-and-
parameters approach) needs to be supplemented by constraint ranking, because
certain types of phenomena cannot be accounted for otherwise. Since ranking is
shown to be necessary, language variation can now be exclusively expressed by
this device, and the notion of parameters can be abandoned. Polgrdi also
argues that a non-derivational version of the Strict Cycle Condition also
needs to be incorporated into the theory to account for so-called derived
environment effects (of which disharmonicity is shown to be an example).

1998. xii+200 pp. isbn 90-5569-046-5. Paperback. LOT International Series 3.
HIL/Leiden University dissertation. Price for individuals ordering directly
from the publisher: NLG 36,90, excl. VAT and P&P.

Holland Academic Graphics, The Hague <http://www.hag.nl>

Rint Sybesma
Holland Academic Graphics
PO Box 53292
2505 AG The Hague
The Netherlands
fax: +31 70 448 0177
_____________________________________________________________________________

REVIEW

Ostertag, Gary (ed) (1998) Definite Descriptions: A Reader, Cambridge,
MA: MIT Press, xii + 411pp, $30.00. (Announced in NLB E-News September 1998.)

Review by Anne Bezuidenhout (Associate Professor of Philosophy and Core Member
of Linguistics at the University of South Carolina) is available at:
LINGUIST List 9.1307 Sun Sep 20 1998
Review: Ostertag: Definite Descriptions.
http://www.sfs.nphil.uni-tuebingen.de/linguist/issues/9/9-1307.html

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<<<<< THE EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE OF THE NORDIC ASSOCIATION OF LINGUISTS >>>>>

( President Helge Dyvik
(1996-98) Department of Linguistics and Comparative Literature,
Section for Linguistic Studies
Univ. of Bergen, Sydnesplass 7, N-5007 Bergen, Norway )

President Kersti B÷rjars
(1999-2001) Department of Linguistics,
University of Manchester, Manchester M13 0XS, UK

Vice-President Lars Heltoft
(1997-99) Helmevej 11, DK-2950 VedbŠk, Denmark

Secretary Thora Bj÷rk Hjartardˇttir
(1998-2000) Department of Icelandic for Foreign Students
University of Iceland
IS-101 REYKJAVIK
Iceland

Treasurer Gjert Kristoffersen
(1999-2001) Department of Nordic language and literature
University of Bergen
Sydnesplassen 7
N-5007 Bergen, Norway

Member I Marja Leinonen
(1997-99) Lappviksgatan 31 D 30, 00180 Helsinki

Member II Hanne Gram Simonsen
(1997-99) Department of Linguistics
University of Oslo, P.O.Box 1102, Blindern
0317 Oslo, Norway

( Member III Kersti B÷rjars
(1998-2000) Department of Linguistics,
University of Manchester, Manchester M13 0XS, UK )

Member III Fred Karlsson
(1999-2001) Department of Linguistics
University of Helsinki, Finland

( Member IV Elisabeth AhlsÚn
(1996-98) Department of Linguistics,
Univ. of G÷teborg, S-412 98 G÷teborg, Sweden )

Member IV Helena Kangasharju
(1999-2001) Dept. of Languages and Communication
Helsinki School of Economics
P. O. Box 12 10
FIN-00101 Helsinki, Finland

Editor, Nordic Journal of Linguistics: Urpo Nikanne, University of Oslo,
Dept. of East European and Oriental Studies, P.O.Box 1030 Blindern,
N-0315 Oslo, Norway.

Editor, Nordic Linguistic Bulletin: Martha Thunes, Department of
Linguistics and Comparative Literature, Section for Linguistic Studies,
Univ. of Bergen, Sydnesplass 7, N-5007 Bergen, Norway
Martha.Thunes@lili.uib.no

Legally responsible
publisher Helge Dyvik (address above)
Editor Martha Thunes (address above)

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CHAIRMAN OF THE ASSOCIATION
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END NLB ELECTRONIC NEWS 7(10), 1998